33134299 - young patient undergoing ultrasound of thyroid gland in hospital room

Your thyroid is a small gland at the base of your neck that makes thyroid hormone. Thyroid hormone controls many activities in your body, including how fast you burn calories and how fast your heart beats. Diseases of the thyroid cause it to make either too much or too little of the hormone. Depending on how much or how little hormone your thyroid makes, you may often feel restless or tired, or you may lose or gain weight. Women are more likely than men to have thyroid diseases, especially right after pregnancy and after.

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Some of the common thyroid diseases and symptoms include:

Hypothyroidism

  • weak slow heart beat
  • muscular weakness and constant fatigue
  • sensitivity to cold
  • thick puffy skin and/or dry skin
  • slowed mental processes and poor memory
  • constipation
  • goiter (increased size of the thyroid)

Hyperthyroidism

  • rapid forceful heartbeat
  • tremor
  • muscular weakness
  • weight loss in spite of increased appetite
  • restlessness, anxiety and sleeplessness
  • profuse sweating and heat intolerance
  • diarrhea
  • eye changes
  • goiter (increased size of the thyroid)

Hashimoto’s Disease

Graves Disease

Goiter

Thyroid Nodules

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Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

There are a number of signs and symptoms women with PCOS can have. However, not every woman with PCOS will have every symptom, and each woman will be quite individual in her experience. We will work with you to accurately diagnose and provide treatment.

Ultrasound

An ultrasound of the uterus, ovaries and the pelvis can be carried out to identify whether there are any cysts on your ovaries and whether an ovary is enlarged.

Blood tests

Hormonal blood tests

Blood tests are used to assess the levels of androgens in your body. Blood tests for androgens (such as testosterone) and free androgen index (FAI) are the best tests for diagnosing whether you have high androgen levels.

Blood tests may also be done to assess the levels of other reproductive hormones in your body as these may affect your menstruation. These may include testing your levels of:

  • estradiol (estrogen)
  • follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)
  • luteinizing hormone (LH)

Blood tests to exclude other conditions that have similar symptoms to PCOS may measure the levels of:

  • thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)
  • prolactin
  • hormones related to adrenal function